AN ANALYSIS OF POLITNESS STRATEGY IN “THE LAND OF FIVE TOWERS” NOVEL BY AHMAD FUADI TRANSLATED BY ANGIE KILBANE

Patrisia Bernadet, Hilma Safitri

Abstract


Abstract

When having conversations, people as members of social group employ strategy in order to be polite and accepted in a community. They need to obey rules which refer to what to say and what not to say while talking to others. This politeness principle can also be seen through the dialogues in a novel where characters in a story are using the politeness strategy.  The aims of this study are to identify types of politeness strategy and to explain the factors influencing the choice of the strategies in “The Land of Five Towers”, a novel written by Ahmad Fuadi. All the utterances expressed by the characters show politeness phenomenon in authentic human life. The theories from Brown and Levinson (1978) are chosen to analyze the data and qualitative method is adopted to describe the study. As the result, the types of politeness strategy found in the dialogues of that novel are respectively bald on record, positive politeness, negative politeness, and off record. The factors that influence the choice of the strategies are payoffs and relevance circumstances.

 

Keywords: Character, Politeness Strategy, Qualitative method

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