ACQUISITION OF LANGUAGES IN CHILDREN OF 5 YEARS (CASE STUDY OF CHILDREN DISABLED WITH AUTHORIZED SPECIALITY)

Rai Bagus Triadi, Dewi Yanti

Abstract


ABSTRACT This study analyzed language acquisition in children aged 5 years with specificity in autism. The acquisition of the language includes the phonological level, syntactic level, and semantic level. At the phonological level the researcher attempts to describe the speech sounds produced by the subject of the research, then at the syntactic level the researcher attempts to describe the number of words in the sentence produced and compares the sentence pattern with the syntactic pattern that should be. Finally, the researcher attempts to describe the ability of the research subject in terms of interpreting the vocabulary that he has mastered. This study uses descriptive research methods with qualitative analysis. Researchers in this study present data and data analysis that actually occurs in the field, without interfering with research subjects. Based on data analysis stated at phonology stage the subject of research is at the development stage. This can be seen in the mastery of the process of forming a single vocoid sound and single contoids, the subjects of the study relatively lacked mastery of the whole phoneme. In the process of double and double contraceptive sound formation, the subjects of the study had difficulty. This happened because the articulation tools at that age were not maximal. Language acquisition of research subjects at the syntactic level can be expressed at the normal stage. The normal stage can be seen in the calculation of MLU (mean length of utterance) of the research subjects of 43, 3. These results can be categorized at stage X MLU (45+) at the age of +47 months. Based on these calculations it can be concluded that the ability of research subjects in vocabulary production is good. Whereas, the language acquisition of research subjects at the semantic level can be said to be low. This can be seen when the research subjects were not able to choose good diction as a sign of an object, event, concept, or idea that the research subject wanted. Based on the results of this study, the researcher gave suggestions to the next researcher to examine more deeply how the process of the subject of the study gained new vocabulary and how the subject of the research processed the words into a sentence context. Keywords: Case studies, language acquisition, children's language acquisition, psycholinguistic studies

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