Mechanical and Thermal Properties Analysis on Bitumen Mixture with Additives: HDPE, PP and Lignin


  • Adream Bais Junior Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia
  • Yermia Andri Prawira Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia
  • Mochamad Chalid Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia
  • Ahmad Z. Taning Graduate School of Innovation Management, Sumbawa University of Technology
  • Adam Febriyanto Nugraha Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia



Bitumen modification, Plastic waste recycling, Hot melt mixing, Asphalt performance, Biopolymers


This study focuses on enhancing the performance and sustainability of asphalt materials in road construction by recycling High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE). Polypropylene (PP) and lignin as additives in bitumen. The Hot Melt Mixing method is employed to investigate the impact of different concentrations of HDPE, PP, and lignin on bitumen properties. Key properties such as ductility, penetration, softening point, and thermal behavior are analyzed, providing valuable insights into the potential of these additives to enhance bitumen performance. The findings demonstrate that higher concentrations of HDPE and PP result in reduced penetration depth, indicating increased hardness. The addition of lignin enhances penetration depth, contributing to the flexibility and performance of the bitumen mixture. Moreover, thermal analysis offers valuable information about the thermal behavior and stability of the bitumen-plastic-lignin blends, shedding light on their compatibility and interactions. This research contributes to the ongoing efforts in road construction and pavement engineering by exploring sustainable solutions that not only address plastic waste challenges but also improve the performance and durability of bituminous materials, making it a crucial step towards environmentally responsible and long-lasting asphalt pavements.


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How to Cite

Junior, A. B., Prawira, Y. A., Chalid, M., Taning, A. Z., & Nugraha, A. F. (2024). Mechanical and Thermal Properties Analysis on Bitumen Mixture with Additives: HDPE, PP and Lignin. Piston: Journal of Technical Engineering, 7(2), 54–59.