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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Authors can find information on publishing with JPP, the submission process, JPP’s publishing policies and ethics, and ideas to promote your published article.

1. Top Reason to Publis With JPP

As the world’s leading independent national academic publisher, we pride ourselves on playing a creative role in society by disseminating teaching and research on a national scale. Publishing your article with JPP means that you will benefit from:

The highest production standards

All articles published in our journals are produced to the highest standards, paying close attention to rigorous peer review, high quality copyediting, typesetting, proof checking, printing and online publication. With some of the best-trained staff in the industry and our investment in online production workflow systems, JPP track (our OJS submission system), our publishing ahead of print facility and continuous publication mode for our open access titles we strive to attain excellent author service levels throughout the process. We are constantly looking for improvements in our production systems to make the author’s experience the very best it can be. We survey all of our authors on publication of their article and are responsive to any feedback.

Online publication

Publication on JPP Journals means that your article will benefit from the very latest in online search and discoverability technology. With unparalleled search and reference-linking capability, a multitude of user features designed to maximize the author’s and reader’s experience and high-profile journal branding to enhance visibility, your article will be in the best possible position to be widely read and cited.

We are committed to ensuring that JPP Journals remains at the cutting edge of online publishing. This is a continually evolving platform, developing through a rolling program of incremental updates, the implementation of new functionality, as well as major upgrades.

Open access

Publication in JPP pure open access journals, usually for an article processing charge. Please visit our Open Access area for more information.

2. Manuscript Submission Guideline

2.1 Helping Reader For Finding Your Article

Before you submit your manuscript, go back and review your title, keywords and abstract. These elements are key to ensuring that readers will be able to find your article online through online search engines such as Google. More information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords can be found here: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

2.2 Submitting Your Article

To submit your article, visit your journal’s homepage and click on the new submission link.

2.3 Editorial Policies

2.3.1 Peer review policy

Please see the submission guidelines of the journal you wish to submit to. Please note that as part of the submission process you may be asked to provide the names of a number of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

  • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
  • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
  • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

Please note that the journal’s editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

2.3.2 Authorship

All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

2.3.3 Corresponding author

The one individual who takes primary responsibility for communication with the journal during the manuscript submission, peer review, and publication process, and typically ensures that all the journal’s administrative requirements, such as providing details of authorship, ethics committee approval, clinical trial registration documentation, and gathering conflict of interest forms and statements, are properly completed, although these duties may be delegated to one or more co-authors.

The corresponding author is the person who signs the publishing agreement on behalf of all of the authors and whose contact details are included on the article. They should be available after publication to respond to critiques of the work and cooperate with any requests from the journal for data or additional information should questions about the paper arise after publication.

2.4 Publishing Policies

2.4.1 Publication ethics

JPP is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Authors Guidelines.


JPP takes issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

Previous distribution and/or publication

The author should disclose any prior distribution and/or publication of any portion of the material to the Editor for the Editor’s consideration and ensure that appropriate attribution to the prior distribution and/or publication of the material is included. For more information, visit our Prior Publication page on the JPP Authors Guidelines.

2.4.2 Open Acces Contributor’s publishing agreement

JPP open access journals all publish articles under Creative Commons licences. The standard licence is Creative Commons by Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial. Alternative licence arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder mandates, made at the author's request. For more information, you are advised to visit open access licences page.

2.4.3 Permission

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.

2.5 Preparing Your Manuscript

2.5.1 Formating Your Article

When formatting your references, please ensure you check the reference style followed by APA reference style.

2.5.2 Word Template and Guidelines

Our tailored Word template and guidelineswill help you format and structure your article, with useful general advice and Word tips.

2.5.3 Artwork Guidelines

Illustrations, pictures and graphs, should be supplied with the highest quality and in an electronic format that helps us to publish your article in the best way possible. Please follow the guidelines below to enable us to prepare your artwork for the printed issue as well as the online version.

Format: TIFF, JPEG: Common format for pictures (containing no text or graphs).

EPS: Preferred format for graphs and line art (retains quality when enlarging/zooming in).

Placement: Figures/charts and tables created in MS Word should be included in the main text rather than at the end of the document.

Figures and other files: created outside Word (i.e. Excel, PowerPoint, JPG, TIFF, EPS, and PDF) should be submitted separately. Please add a placeholder note in the running text (i.e. “[insert Figure 1.]")

Resolution: Rasterized based files (i.e. with .tiff or .jpeg extension) require a resolution of at least 300 dpi (dots per inch). Line art should be supplied with a minimum resolution of 800 dpi.

Colour: Please note that images supplied in colour will be published in colour online and black and white in print (unless otherwise arranged). Therefore, it is important that you supply images that are comprehensible in black and white as well (i.e. by using colour with a distinctive pattern or dotted lines). The captions should reflect this by not using words indicating colour.

Dimension: Check that the artworks supplied match or exceed the dimensions of the journal. Images cannot be scaled up after origination

Fonts: The lettering used in the artwork should not vary too much in size and type (usually sans serif font as a default).

2.5.4 Title, keywords and abstracts

You will be asked to supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the Author Guidelines for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

2.5.5 ORCID

ORCID ( provides an identifier for individuals to use with their name as they engage in research, scholarship, and innovation activities. JPP supports the use of ORCID and provides authors with the facility to include their ORCID identifier on submission, in order to enable transparent and trustworthy connections between researchers, their contributions, and affiliations. Please visit the ORCID page for more information.

2.6 On Acceptance and Publication

2.6.1 JPP Production

Your Chief-in Editor, Ubaid Al Faruq, will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.

2.6.2 Access to your published article

JPP provides authors with online access to their final article.


3. Open Acces Policy

All articles published in the journals provide worldwide, barrier-free access to the full-text of articles online, immediately on publication under a creative commons licence. All articles are rigorously peer-reviewed retaining the quality hallmarks of the academic publishing process that authors would experience in publishing in any traditional JPP journal. Open access journals are supported by the payment of an article processing charge (APC) by the author, institution or research funder of the accepted manuscript.

If you would like your article to be published in one of JPP’s open access journals, but you genuinely cannot afford the Article Processing Charge (APC), the corresponding author should submit a waiver request to the journal when payment is requested, after acceptance of the manuscript. Your ability to pay will not affect the editorial peer review outcome.

Open Access License Information

Open access articles are released under one of the Creative Commons licenses. Though open access articles are free to access, the Creative Commons license assigned to the article will stipulate under what circumstances article content can be copied, adapted, displayed, distributed, republished or otherwise re-used.Individual license information for each article is provided on the article webpage and on the article PDF.


4. Author FAQS

Submitting My Article

How do I submit my paper?

Each JPP journal has its own Editorial office and its own Manuscript Submission guidelines. To submit your article, go to the list of JPP journals, search for the one you wish to submit to, click on the Manuscript Submission guidelines tab to get details on how to submit your article.

How do I contact the Editor of the journal to which I would like to submit my article Each JPP journal has its own Editorial office. To contact the Editor, go to the list of JPP journals, select the journal, click on the Manuscript Submission guidelines to get details on how to contact the Editor.

How do I find guidelines or instructions for authors?

Each JPP journal has its own Submission guidelines. Go to the list of JPP journals, select the journal and click on About and then click on Author Guidelines.

What types of articles will the journal accept?

This is covered in the journal’s Manuscript Submission guidelines. Go to the list of JPP journals, select the journal and click on the Online Submission.

What electronic file types can I use to submit my article?

This is covered in the journal’s Manuscript Submission guidelines. Go to the list of JPP journals, select the journal and click on the Manuscript Submission guidelines.

What are the requirements for illustrations, photos, and other artwork included in my article?

This is covered in the journal’s Manuscript Submission guidelines. Go to the list of JPP journals, select the journal and click on the Manuscript Submission guidelines. Alternatively visit our general Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

When will I know if my article has been accepted?

What happens next Each JPP journal has its own editorial procedures, and you should consult the individual journal’s Manuscript Submission guidelines for more detail. In general, the Journal’s editorial office will contact you to let you know whether your article has been accepted, and what will happen next.

Open Access

Why should I publish open access?

Authors choose open access (OA) publication for a number of reasons:

  • It means anyone anywhere in the world can read, use and cite your research, which leads to greater visibility and impact, and may encourage collaborations and faster developments in that field
  • Authors often retain more control over and rights to distribute and re-use of their intellectual property
  • Funders may require outputs for their funded research to be made open access
  • In many countries, much of the research is paid for by the taxpayer, therefore, OA allows the general public to access the research they have contributed towards

What about peer review?

We ensure that the same high standards of rigorous peer review are employed on its OA journals as are used on its subscription journals. This is upheld by the journals’ editors. Journals are members of Committee on Publishing Ethics. Each journal will have a peer review policy clearly outlined in its Submission Guidelines.

Does my librarian need a subscription? OA articles are free to anyone (individuals, libraries and institutions) with internet access. Therefore, a subscription is unnecessary to access and re-use articles. Individuals can register to receive email alerts for all OA journals.

Is there a printed version?

Generally, OA journals are entirely online with no printed edition of any published articles. However, reprints are available, if requested.

Who retains copyright?

Authors retain copyright under the terms outlined by the Creative Commons licences while allowing others to copy, distribute, and make some uses of their work – at least non-commercially. Every Creative Commons licence also ensures authors get the credit for their work. The licences work around the world and lasts as long as applicable copyright lasts. Most JPP pure gold OA journals will offer a selection of these licences, usually, with one default licence. Please check the individual journal licence policy.

How do I cite an open access article?

Each OA manuscript is citeable using the date of the manuscript's first online posting and the Digital Object Identifier (DOI). DOIs are assigned to all JPP content for use on digital networks; and the metadata associated with that content is registered with the DOI Foundation. DOIs provide a consistent, permanent way to identify manuscripts published in the online environment. Some OA journals will still publish ‘issues’ so information such as volume, issue, and page numbers will still be allocated to articles. With continuous publication, where there is no issue or page number, manuscripts should be cited as follows:

Aeng Muhidin, Ubaid Al Faruq, Saiful Anwar(2015). Making Sense of Elearning Technology: The Integration of Learning and Life. JPP Open. DOI: 10.1177/2158244015583859

Each article DOI is registered with CrossRef, allowing permanent resolution to each article and giving publishers the ability to link their references to articles whenever they are cited.

How do I attribute when re-using content in an open access article?

If you are re-using JPP OA content, it must be accompanied by an attribution that includes the following information about the original work:

o Author(s)

o Article Title

o Journal Title


o Volume (if applicable)

o Issue (if applicable)

o Page numbers (if applicable)

o Date of publication

o JPP as the original publisher

o A link to the original article as published on JPP Journals (where practicable)

Why is there an Article Processing Charge (APC)?

Although the publication is OA, there are costs at every stage of the publication process, including but not limited to running peer-review systems, copyediting and typesetting, hosting the article in perpetuity on dedicated servers and marketing. APCs vary from journal to journal, and discounts may be available. Most JPP OA journals are supported by APCs.

Can an institution pay the article processing charge for authors? It is ultimately the responsibility of the author(s) to arrange payment of the open access article processing charge. However, a number of institutions and funding organizations (e.g., the Wellcome Trust) have declared their willingness to make additional funds available to cover the costs of open access publication.

Is tax included?

No, taxes are not included in the APC. If the payer of the APC is in:

  • the European Union value added tax (VAT) will be added to the final invoice. Providing a VAT registration number will allow an institution or company to be exempt from paying this tax, except for those in the UK
  • Australia goods and services tax (GST) will be added to the final invoice. Providing a valid Australian business number (ABN) will allow an institution or company to be exempt from paying this tax.
  • Canada goods and services tax (GST)/harmonized sales tax (HST) will be added to the final invoice dependent on province

For JPP , the currency of the APC is set by the geographical region of the corresponding author and cannot be changed by the payer.

Are discounts available?

Availability of discounts varies from journal to journal, but may be available to society members, obtained via marketing emails, or there may be an introductory rate offered. Please check the specific journal’s homepages for details.

What should I do if I cannot pay the OA article processing charge?

You could consider publishing in any JPP subscription journal, then under JPP’s open access archiving policy you can deposit your article in your own institution’s repository immediately at no charge. However, if you wish to publish in a pure open access journal, but you genuinely cannot afford the article processing charge (APC) and have no funding from your funder or institution, you should submit a waiver request to the journal when payment is required.

Your ability to pay will not affect the editorial peer review outcome. Requests will be assessed on a case-by-case basis and priority for partial and full waivers will be given to authors who reside in the countries described by the Research4Life programme. See which OA journals are included in our JPP waiver scheme. Waiver requests are assessed and granted by JPP, not the Editor or editorial board, to ensure editorial independence.

If you have any further open access queries or questions, please do not hesitate to contact the team:



What if I want to re–use material from another source in my article?

JPP is sympathetic to the needs of scholars to include other copyright material in their work and JPP is happy to provide guidance on this. Responsibility for obtaining permission to use any other copyright material rests with you as the author of the Contribution.

If your Contribution includes material which is not your copyright, you are responsible for submitting with your manuscript the written permission from those who control copyright in that material to include it and reproduce it within your Contribution. In most cases this will be the publisher of the work. You are responsible for the payment of any permission fees.

If your Contribution does not qualify for a 'fair dealing' (UK) or 'fair use' (USA) exception (please see below) you will need to clear permission for all third party material you intend to include: direct text extracts, tables, or illustrations that have appeared in copyrighted material must be accompanied by written permission for their use from the copyright owner and original author along with complete information as to source. You may be able to benefit from free re-use of a limited amount of material from certain publishers under the ‘STM Permissions Guidelines’ (see below).

Where possible, photographs of identifiable persons should be accompanied by signed releases from these people showing informed consent. This is particularly important for children and essential if photographs feature situations where privacy would be expected.
Articles appear in both the print and online versions of the journal and may be translated or archived, and the wording of the permission licence must specify permission in all formats and media for the full legal term of copyright. Failure to get electronic permission rights - or needed releases - will result in the images not being included at all in your article.

If you are unsure whether you need to clear permission, please contact your Chief-In Editor.

There are some occasions where permission is not required for re–use of material from another source. The most important of these is ‘fair dealing’ (UK) or ‘fair use’ (USA).

If you wish to re-use original material published by JPP in the work you are preparing for publication in a JPP journal, this re-use may be covered by the STM Permissions Guidelines (see below) but in some cases may require permission from JPP. In such instances, please visit Journals Permissions.

What is ‘fair dealing’, and what does it cover?

Indonesia law provides that copyright will not be infringed by ‘fair dealing’ but it does not define what ‘fair dealing’ itself means. It has come to be interpreted as referring to the way material is used, as well as the intention of the person using it. However, use of third party material must qualify as fair dealing for a particular purpose. There are a number of these purposes specified in UK law but the most relevant one for us is 'Fair Dealing for Criticism or Review'.

What constitutes ‘fair dealing for Criticism or Review’?

First of all use of third party material must be ‘Fair’. That means: not systematic and not conflicting with the rights of the copyright holder or affecting their ability to benefit from the work:

There is no set amount of material allowed or forbidden. But the use cannot be systematic or excessive. Do not rely on word counts.

You must always make proper acknowledgment to the original copyright work.

Criticism or review:

The third party material used must be discussed in the context of criticism or review. This is an essential component providing a justification for fair dealing.

There is no legal definition of criticism or review but it’s likely that there would be a fairly liberal interpretation by the Courts.

Mere illustration or ‘window dressing’ is ruled out. A good question to ask is whether your work would stand up if the material was deleted. If so, it is unlikely to be for criticism and review.

This defence can only be used in Indonesia law in conjunction with published works.

Permission is always required if you wish to modify or make changes to the third party material because all authors have moral rights under European law.

If you are in any doubt as to whether or not you can use the material as ‘fair dealing’, you should clear permission, or leave the material out.

Please note that, this is JPP’s working view of a relatively untested area of the law.

What is ‘fair use’, and what does it cover? Fair use is codified as Section 107 of the US Copyright Act and provides an exception to the exclusive rights of the copyright holder under certain limited circumstances. Fair use involves a four factor analysis that includes considering (1) the purpose and nature of the use, (2) the nature of the original material, (3) the amount of the original material being used in relation to the original work as a whole, and (4) the effect the use will have on the market of the original work. Text, photographs, illustrations, and figures are all subject to fair use, but generally the more creative the original work (the nature of the original work), the weaker the basis for a fair use argument. Where the later use is transformative – that is, where the purpose of the use is different than the purpose of the original creation – the fair use argument will be stronger. Only the minimal portion of the original work that is sufficient for the use should be used (e.g., where a 200 word excerpt is adequate for the use, no more than 200 words should be reproduced, photographs should be reproduced in the minimum size that will achieve the purpose). Reproduction of an excerpt for the purpose of commentary, criticism, and discussion may be the basis for a fair use argument, subject to the overall determination under the four-factor analysis.

If you are in any doubt as to whether or not you can use the material as ‘fair use’, you should clear permission, or leave the material out.

Is there any specific wording I should use in my letter requesting permission? In order to be able to publish your work in the print and online versions of your article we require permission to be granted for worldwide rights to reproduce in all media in all formats. You may use the template permission letter to request permission.

Is there an audio-visual release form I may use?

If an individual is identifiable in any audio- and/or visual material included in your Contribution, we require permission to be granted in order for JPP to publish your Contribution in the journal. You may use the template release form to request permission.

May I post my article online or otherwise distribute it without permission from JPP? Yes, please visit Journal Author Archivng Policies and Re-Use to review your rights as author.

How can I re-use my article? You may have granted the Proprietor an exclusive licence to your work and retained copyright in your contribution, or you may have transferred copyright in the contribution to the Proprietor.

This helps JPP and the Proprietor to ensure adequate protection against infringement of copyright protected material through breach of copyright or piracy anywhere in the world. It also ensures that requests by third parties to reprint or reproduce a contribution, or part of it in any format, are handled efficiently in accordance with our general policy which encourages dissemination of knowledge inside the framework of copyright.

Where practicable, JPP advises third parties to inform you of their requests to re-use your material. This does not apply to blanket arrangements covering the journal as a whole. Please keep our mailing list up to date with your institutional or business address changes to help us to do this. Inadvertent failure to inform you will not constitute a material breach of the Contributor Agreement you signed as a condition of publication.

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